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Women’s Health: The Most Common Issues

By: Zara Sharpe

Women have had it tough over the years, even as recent as in the last hundred years women have had to fight for the right to vote. Currently, there is still debates over the gender pay gap and equality in the workplace. However, there have also been many things to celebrate, and luckily, society has come an awful long way and times have changed. Nonetheless, there are still some things that women suffer with and apart from scientific research, raising money and taking care of yourself there’s not a lot you can do about it. Here are some of the health issues that women need to be aware of:

 

Cancer

Sadly the most common diseases that affect women are breast cancer and cervical cancer and detecting either one early is key to staying healthy and having more of a chance to fight them. According to global figures, around half a million women die from cervical cancer, and half a million from breast cancer each year.

 

Reproductive health

According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), sexual and reproductive health problems are responsible for one-third of health issues for women between the ages of 15 and 44 years. Women need to be aware of their own sexual and reproductive health and seek out help if they notice anything unusual. One of the significant risk factors for this issue is unsafe sex.

 

Maternal Health

Something that men don’t have to worry about is care during pregnancy and childbirth, which, thankfully, have seen massive improvements over the years.

 

HIV

You might be surprised to know that it is very common for young women to be affected by new HIV infections as many women struggle to protect themselves against sexual transmission of HIV and to get the treatment they need.

 

Sexually Transmitted Infections

Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the world’s most common STI, so women need to take precautions for this. Aswell there are still many cases of gonorrhea, chlamydia, and syphilis. The world health organization states that untreated syphilis is responsible for more than 200,000 stillbirths and early foetal deaths every year, and the deaths of over 90 000 newborns.

 

Gynecological Health

While there are typical symptoms of the menstrual cycle, such as bleeding and discharge added symptoms may indicate that health issues are going on. Anything unusual such as, and bleeding between menstruations and needing to urinate more often than usual can be a sign of something else going on, so it’s always worth double checking. Vaginal issues could be a sign of serious problems such as sexually transmitted diseases or reproductive tract cancer which can be treated quickly if they are spotted early, however, if they are left undetected, then they can lead to more severe issues such as infertility and kidney failure. If you’re worried about anything, then have a look at these questions to ask gynecologist.

 

Mental Health

Thankfully people are talking about mental health more and more today, and it is not so much of a taboo subject as it once was. According to research, women are more likely than men to experience anxiety, depression, and somatic complaints – physical symptoms that cannot be explained medically. According to the WHO, depression is the most common mental health problem for women and suicides a leading cause of death for women under 60.

 

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